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Complete guide to Toyota Land Cruiser 71 and Land Cruiser 76: the 70 series

Land Cruiser 70 Articles

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Complete guide to Toyota Land Cruiser 71 and Land Cruiser 76: the 70 series

Complicated and confusing Land Cruiser 70 van models

What years are the 70 Series Land Cruisers?

The Land Cruiser began as a single model in 1951, but it was not long before Toyota developed more models and created a large selection of vehicles to choose from. Among them, the Land Cruiser 70 series is still in operation since its debut in 1984. There are so many variations that some Land Cruiser fans may not even know they exist.

The Land Cruiser 70 series has a long model cycle and is exported to almost every country in the world, so it may be the world’s number one vehicle in terms of variation. In addition to the original chassis and body manufacturer’s specifications, some have been reconfigured once they reach their destination. If they have traveled to another country, some Land Cruiser owners may have encountered a Land Cruiser 70 series that they’ve never seen before.

Here, we will explain the types of vehicle models to distinguish such Land Cruiser 70 series variations. This will not only help you buy a used car, but it will give you a good start towards a deeper understanding of the world of the Land Cruiser 70 series.

Land Cruiser 70

The Japanese Land Cruiser 70 specs are based on three body styles

Toyota gives their vehicles models numbers and letters

The car model is the real name of the car given to it by the manufacturer and recognized worldwide. The vehicle inspection certificate also lists it, so you may have seen one on your certificate even if you don’t have a Land Cruiser.

Among the alphanumeric characters that make up the vehicle model, the letter common to all Land Cruisers is “J”. The reason for the “J” is that the Land Cruiser was recognized as a “jeep-type” car at a time when the Jeep, which was originally developed for military use in the United States, was considered the basic 4WD style. Other alphanumeric characters represent differences in installed engines and body types.

Here is an example: Vehicle model: KG-HZJ76K

This model is a 4-door/semi-long Land Cruiser 70 van with a 4.2-liter in-line 6-cylinder diesel engine. Except for the 2014 retail model, it is the final model for the domestic market and was produced from August 1999 to July 2004, when domestic sales ended. The “KG-” at the beginning is the classification of exhaust gas regulations, and in this case, it means that the vehicle complies with the 1997 regulations, and the vehicle model indicates this. Each character represents:

  • – KG = Exhaust gas regulation compliance (1997 regulations in this case)
  • – HZ = Engine type (1HZ type 4.2-liter diesel)
  • – J = Land Cruiser
  • – 76 = Body style (4-door, semi-long, 1999-2004)
  • – K = Registration classification (Van)

This combination of alphanumeric characters is common to almost all car manufacturers.

From the beginning, Toyota has used a combination of engine type, vehicle symbol, body style (production period), and registration classification (wagon, van, etc.) on all of their vehicles, including the Land Cruiser.

Some nicknames signified the body style of the vehicle model like the “Nanahachi”, which means“78”in Japanese. Before we count the individual vehicle types that make up a model, let’s discuss the numbers and letters that make up a vehicle type.

Land Cruiser 70

All original Land Cruiser 70 series are equipped with diesel engines

There are five types of engines installed in Land Cruiser 70 (excluding the Prado) sold in Japan, including retail models. First, the 3B type 3.4-liter in-line 4-cylinder diesel inherited from the previous Land Cruiser 40, and the 13B-T type, which was improved with the addition of a direct -injection turbo. These two models were discontinued at the end of 1990 and were later replaced with the 1HZ type, which was the longest and was installed in most models.

As mentioned in the previous example, the 1HZ type is a 4.2-liter in-line 6-cylinder diesel engine. Other diesel engines that share the cylinder block, etc., include the direct-injection turbo 1HD-T and 1HD-FTE installed in the Land Cruiser 70 and others.

There was also a 1PZ type with a 3.5-liter in-line 5-cylinder diesel engine that appeared at the same time as the 1HZ type. The 1PZ is the 1HZ with one less cylinder but the same basic structure. It was installed in the base trim level in the lineup.

The Land Cruiser 70 had the simplest specifications, but other engine derivatives were manufactured with different displacements to distinguish other trim levels. However, the 1PZ type was discontinued as exhaust gas regulations became stricter. The 1PZ-equipped Land Cruiser 70 was only produced for around four years, so it is considered a rare find.

The 1GR-FE engine was installed in the retail model. This is a 4-liter V6 gas engine, which is the same as the one installed in the Land Cruiser 150 (Prado) and the FJ Cruiser. The 1HZ diesel engine has more drive in terms of torque, but it is a V6 gasoline engine that is more flexible, which gives it a different driving feel than the diesel because it is lighter and more nimble.

Of the three engine model names, the Land Cruiser 70 is distinguished from others by primarily the letters B, HZ, PZ, and GR.

Engine installed in a Land Cruiser 70 (van)

Engine Type Model Total displacement Maximum output
3B Inline 4/OHV diesel 3431cc 98PS/97HP/3,500rpm
13B-T Inline 4/OHV turbo diesel 3,431cc 120PS/118HP/3,400rpm
1PZ Inline 6/SOHC Diesel 3,469cc 115PS/113HP/4,000rpm
1HZ Inline 6/SOHC diesel 4,163cc 135PS/133HP/4,000rpm
1GR-FE V6・DOHC Gasoline 3,955cc 231PS/228HP/5,200rpm

The Land Cruiser 70 has 3 body styles

The Japanese-spec Land Cruiser 70 can be divided into four body variations. The “2-door short” has a short wheelbase, a hardtop, and a hood; the “2-door middle” has a middle wheelbase and an FRP roof; the “4-door semi-long” has a semi-long wheelbase and a hardtop, and the long wheelbase pickup “4-door double cab long” model that has just been released for retail sale in Japan.

There is also a retail model 4-door semi-long style, and although the engine and front mask are different, the style is almost the same as the original type 4-door semi-long.

The Land Cruiser 70 body variants are grouped based on chassis lengths. The above four body variations are represented by two-digit numbers in the vehicle model and were replaced as changes were made to meet new emission regulations and structural changes.

  • 2-door short: Hood = “70” → “71” / Hardtop = “70” → “71”
  • 2-door middle: FRP top = “74” → discontinued / “73” → “74”
  • 4-door semi-long: Hardtop = [77] → [76]
  • 4-door ・W Cab Long: Pickup = “79”

Land Cruiser 70

Land Cruiser 70 model list by years

The Land Cruiser 70 (van) debuted in 1984 and has never had a full model change in 32 years. Its history can be divided into four generations, with the first from 1984-1990 when it was equipped with the 4-cylinder diesel engine of the Land Cruiser 40.

Between 1990 and 1994, the engine was replaced by a 5-cylinder or a 6-cylinder modular diesel engine. From 1994 until 1999, the 5-cylinder was discontinued and only the 6-cylinder diesel engine was available.

The last generation was from 1999 to 2004 when it was the last diesel produced for domestic sales and the front suspension was given coil springs.

The gasoline-powered Land Cruiser 70, which was sold for a limited time in 2014, is not counted as a generation, but the following is a summary of the Land Cruiser 70 vehicle types that have changed over the years:


Vehicle Model Body/Chassis Roof Type Engine
BJ70 2door/short hood 3B
BJ70V 2door/short hardtop 3B
BJ71V(1985-) 2door/short hardtop 13B-T
BJ74V(1985-) 2door/middle FRP top 13B-T
BJ73V 2door/middle FRP top 3B


Vehicle Model Body/Chassis Roof Type Engine
PZJ70 2door/short Hood 1PZ
PZJ70V 2door/short Hardtop 1PZ
PZJ77V 4door/semi-long Hardtop 1PZ
HZJ77V 4door/semi-long Hardtop 1HZ
HZJ73V 2door/middle FRP Top 1HZ


Vehicle Model Body/Chassis Roof Type Engine
HZJ70 2door/short hood 1HZ
HZJ70V 2door/short Hardtop 1HZ
HZJ77V(HV) 4door/semi-long Hardtop 1HZ
HZJ73V(HV) 2door/middle FRP Top 1HZ


Vehicle Model Body/Chassis Roof Type Engine
HZJ71 2door/short hood 1HZ
HZJ71V 2door/short Hardtop 1HZ
HZJ76K 4door/semi-long Hardtop 1HZ
HZJ74K 2door/middle FRP top 1HZ
HZJ74V(*) 2door/middle FRP top 1HZ

*The front suspension has been changed from leaf springs to coil springs.

2014-2015 (retail model)

Vehicle Model Body/Chassis Roof Type Engine
GRJ76K 4door/semi-long Hardtop 1GR-FE
GRJ79K 4door/long W cab (pickup) 1GR-FE

Land Cruiser 70

The Troop Carrier is available on overseas models

Since the Land Cruiser 70 is a global 4WD sold worldwide, the lineup will vary depending upon the export country.

When it comes to body style and engine placement, some of the specifications will be different from the original Land Cruiser 70 van model. There will be a difference between the Japanese specifications and retail models.

For example, the “Troop Carrier” can be considered a representative model. Its body is a long wheelbase 2-door hardtop. Although it is a two-door, it is long and has a unique body with a hardtop instead of being a pickup.

It was given the name Troop Carrier because occupants could get in and out of it via the rear gate like a military vehicle. Troop Carriers were also sold in Japan before the introduction of the Land Cruiser 40, but they were mainly exported to Oceania and Southeast Asian countries.

There is plenty of legroom in the front space around the driver and passenger seats like the long model. This is one of the reasons that during the Land Cruiser 70 era it was a popular vehicle for commercial use, which helped to increase its worldwide popularity.

The vehicle type (body style) of the Troop Carrier was “45” and “47” in the Land Cruiser 40 era, and “75” and “78” in the Land Cruiser 70 era. For example, the Land Cruiser 70 has different engine types and year models like the HZJ75, FZJ78, etc. Not only is the body longer, but the two-door rear body is wider than other Land Cruiser 70 bodies.

In addition to the 1HZ type diesel engine that is a familiar Japanese model, there is also a vehicle equipped with a 4.5-liter 6-cylinder gasoline engine 1FZ-FE type like what is found on the Land Cruiser 70. It is also re-imported to Japan as a used car, so you may see it at FLEX Land Cruiser dealers or at events where Land Cruiser fans gather.

Land Cruiser 70 Prado models and names

Land Cruiser 70

“Nanahachi” is a popular 70 Prado

“Nanahachi” is a nickname for 78 Prado. The Land Cruiser 70 Prado is registered as a passenger car and is a different model than the freight-registered van.

The Land Cruiser 70 Prado has two body/chassis types: 2-door short and 4-door semi-long. There are two types of engines, depending on the model year, the early (1990-1993) 2L-TE type with a 2.4-liter in-line 4-cylinder diesel turbo, and the late (1993-1996) 1KZ with a 3-liter in-line 4-cylinder diesel turbo. -TE type is installed respectively.


Vehicle Model Body/Chassis Roof Type Engine
LJJ71G 2door/short Hardtop 2L-TE
LJ78G/W 4door/semi-long Hardtop 2L-TE


Vehicle Model Body/Chassis Roof Type Engine
KZJ71G/W 2door/short Hardtop 1KZ-TE
KZJ78G/W 4door/semi-long Hardtop 1KZ-TE

The G or W after the body style number means a wagon car registered as a passenger car. The 4-door/semi-long car has a large distribution volume and is a very popular used car nicknamed “78” (Nanahachi) among fans.

Below are the specifications of the engine installed in the Land Cruiser 70 Prado.

The Land Cruiser 70 Prado Engine Specs

Engine Type Model Total Displacement Maximum Output
2L-TE Inline 4/SOHC diesel turbo 2,446cc 97PS/96HP3,800rpm
1KZ-TE Inline 4/SOHC diesel turbo 2,982cc 130PS/128HP3,600rpm

What is the Land Cruiser 70 Series?

The Land Cruiser 70 series debuted in 1984 and is known for its long model cycle. This series has a vast range of variations due to its export to almost every country and some alterations made upon reaching its destination.

Why do all Land Cruisers have a “J” in their alphanumeric characters?

The “J” stands for “Jeep-type” as the Land Cruiser was recognized as a jeep-type car.

What kind of engines were installed in the Land Cruiser 70?

The Land Cruiser 70 primarily came with diesel engines, including types like 3B, 13B-T, 1HZ, 1HD-T, 1HD-FTE, and 1PZ. There was also a gasoline model, 1GR-FE.

How many body styles does the Japanese-spec Land Cruiser 70 have?

It has four main variations:

  1. 1. 2-door short
  2. 2. 2-door middle
  3. 3. 4-door semi-long
  4. 4. 4-door double cab long

Is there a summary of the Land Cruiser 70 model list by years?

The Land Cruiser 70 has been divided into four generations:

  • – 1984-1990: Featured models like BJ70, BJ70V, BJ71V, and BJ74V.
  • – 1990-1994: Included models like PZJ70, PZJ70V, and HZJ77V.
  • – 1994-1999: HZJ70, HZJ70V, and HZJ77V were popular.
  • – 1999-2004: Featured models like HZJ71, HZJ71V, and HZJ76K.

What is the Troop Carrier?

It’s a representative model with a long wheelbase 2-door hardtop. It’s unique as it isn’t a pickup and allows for rear entry like military vehicles.

Are there differences between the Japanese and overseas Land Cruiser 70 models?

Yes, since the Land Cruiser 70 is sold worldwide, the specifications can differ based on the country.

What is the Land Cruiser 70 Prado?

The Land Cruiser 70 Prado is a passenger car variant different from the freight-registered van. It’s known by its nickname “Nanahachi” for the 78 Prado.

Are there any unique features of the Land Cruiser 70 series that stand out?

Yes, its vast range of variations and its rugged durability make it a favorite among off-road enthusiasts and Land Cruiser aficionados worldwide.


Do they still make 70 Series Land Cruiser?

The 70 Series Land Cruiser is now on its 40th year of production according to Toyota Australia. The factory confirmed that the V8 will be in the new 2024 models alongside the 2.8L turbo diesel 4-cylinder. You can order a 4-cylinder, but it appears that the V8s are not available to order at this time.

How much is a 70 series Landcruiser?

The latest Land Cruiser 70 Series is priced between $69,000 and $77,200.

Can I get a Land Cruiser 70 in the US?

No. At this moment, the LC 70 is not available in the North American market.

Why are 70 series so expensive?

Other than the fact that the Toyota Land Cruiser is a reliable, durable, and dirt-worthy vehicle, the price is more of a reflection on supply and demand than any other factor. The price is expensive because people are willing to pay those prices.

Can I import a 70 series Land Cruiser?

Yes, you can import a 70 Series Land Cruiser, but expect to pay a lot of money to modify it to make it meet the standards of both EPA and DOT. The expense to make modifications may make it economically unfeasible.

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